Author + information
- Received July 19, 2017
- Accepted August 29, 2017
- Published online February 5, 2018.
- Umihiko Kaneko, MD∗ (, )
- Yoshifumi Kashima, MD,
- Daitaro Kanno, MD and
- Tsutomu Fujita, MD
- Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Sapporo Cardio Vascular Clinic, Sapporo Heart Center, Sapporo, Japan
- ↵∗Address for correspondence:
Dr. Umihiko Kaneko, Sapporo Cardio Vascular Clinic, Sapporo Heart Center, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, North 49, East 16, 8-1 Higashi Ward, Sapporo, Hokkaido 007-0849, Japan.
A 71-year-old man underwent percutaneous coronary intervention for chronic total occlusion of the right coronary artery. Following septal dilatation with a 1.25-mm balloon, a Corsair microcatheter (Asahi Intecc, Nagoya, Japan) was advanced retrogradely through the septal artery, with substantial resistance, using the anchor balloon technique. After successful revascularization and removal of the microcatheter, a giant pseudoaneurysm of the septal artery was demonstrated (Figure 1A, Online Video 1). Notably, the localized pooling of the contrast medium in the pseudoaneurysm gradually drained into the right ventricle. The patient had no chest symptoms or hemodynamic instability. Post-procedural cardiac computed tomography confirmed active blood flow from the pseudoaneurysm to the right ventricle (Figures 1B to 1D); therefore, we managed the pseudoaneurysm conservatively. One day later, cardiac computed tomography showed a marked reduction in the dimensions of the pseudoaneurysm (Figure 1E). Four days later, the patient was discharged in stable condition. At 6-month follow-up, cardiac computed tomography confirmed complete resolution of the giant pseudoaneurysm (Figure 1F).
This is the first report of a giant coronary artery pseudoaneurysm formed after septal artery perforation during retrograde percutaneous coronary intervention, with spontaneous resolution confirmed by serial cardiac computed tomographic imaging. A retrograde approach using septal collateral channels can be safe and feasible, because most cases of septal artery perforations are often minor and asymptomatic (1). Nevertheless, in some cases, catastrophic complications such as cardiac tamponade (2) and interventricular septum hematoma causing myocardial infarction (3) or biventricular obstructive shock (4) have been reported, and the best management strategy remains uncertain.
In this case, advancement of the microcatheter caused an extensive laceration and rupture of the septal artery, which was compressed by the left ventricular myocardium, resulting in partial hemostasis and formation of the giant pseudoaneurysm. However, the pseudoaneurysm had active blood flow into the right ventricle, leading to spontaneous decompression and resolution.
Dr. Fujita is a consultant for Terumo. All other authors have reported that they have no relationships relevant to the contents of this paper to disclose.
- Received July 19, 2017.
- Accepted August 29, 2017.
- 2018 American College of Cardiology Foundation
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