Table 1

Baseline Characteristics (n = 20)

Age, yrs64.4 ± 12.3
Men10 (50%)
Atrial fibrillation19 (95%)
NYHA functional class III or IV pre-intervention16 (80%)
Mean time since last MVR, months87.8 ± 67
Mean logistic EuroSCORE, %15.4 ± 9
Indication for transcatheter closure
 Heart failure12 (60%)
 Severe hemolysis1 (5%)
 Both7 (35%)
Ejection fraction, %52.7 ± 8.6
Ejection fraction ≤50%2 (10%)
Mean interventional procedural time, min
 Total134.9 ± 51
 Fluoroscopy54.8 ± 27.6

Values are mean ± SD or n (%).

EuroSCORE = European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation; MVR = mitral valve replacement (16 bi-leaflet valves, 3 single tilting-disc valves, and 1 bioprosthesis); NYHA = New York Heart Association.