Table 1

Hemodynamic Criteria for Cardiogenic Shock

 SBP <90 mm Hg for 30 min
 Supportive measures needed to maintain SBP >90 mm Hg
 End-organ hypoperfusion
 Cool extremities
 UOP <30 ml/h
 HR >60 beats/min
 Cardiac index <2.2 ml/min/m2
 PCWP >15 mm Hg

The SHOCK trial defined cardiogenic shock according the clinical and hemodynamic criteria listed (11).

HR = heart rate; PCWP = pulmonary capillary wedge pressure; SBP = systolic blood pressure; UOP = urine output.