Table 1

Baseline Characteristics

CABG CR (n = 1,015)CABG IR (n = 505)PCI CR (n = 968)PCI IR (n = 724)p Value
Age (yrs)64.0 ± 9.765.0 ± 9.763.9 ± 9.7065.1 ± 9.700.023
Male793 (78.1%)389 (77.0%)714 (73.8%)541 (74.7%)0.11
Body mass index (kg/m2)26.5 ± 4.226.7 ± 3.926.5 ± 4.426.5 ± 4.40.81
Current smoker781 (77.2%)395 (78.5%)210 (21.7%)146 (20.2%)0.62
Diabetes
 Any306 (30.1%)172 (34.1%)298 (30.8%)259 (35.8%)0.049
 Requiring insulin66 (6.5%)47 (9.3%)53 (5.5%)67 (9.3%)0.005
Hypercholesterolemia642 (63.5%)333 (66.6%)589 (60.9%)493 (68.6%)0.007
Hypertension623 (61.4%)324 (64.2%)620 (64.0%)489 (67.5%)0.073
Clinical presentation0.27
 Stable angina671 (66.1%)311 (61.6%)628 (64.9%)482 (66.6%)
 Acute coronary syndrome344 (33.9%)194 (38.4%)340 (35.1%)242 (33.4%)
Previous myocardial infarction196 (19.5%)131 (26.0%)178 (18.6%)149 (20.6%)0.006
Peripheral vascular disease64 (6.3%)45 (8.9%)58 (6.0%)54 (7.5%)0.15
CKD (eGFR <60 ml/min)13 (1.3%)9 (1.8%)11 (1.1%)8 (1.1%)0.72
Left ventricular ejection fraction (%)59.6 ± 11.158.7 ± 10.759.5 ± 12.558.5 ± 11.30.25
Diseased vessels<0.001
 2-vessel69 (6.8%)19 (3.8%)105 (10.8%)32 (4.4%)
 3-vessel512 (50.4%)306 (60.6%)407 (42.0%)469 (64.8%)
 Left main
  Isolated65 (6.4%)3 (0.6%)80 (8.3%)0
  Plus 1-vessel102 (10.0%)11 (2.2%)113 (11.7%)13 (1.8%)
  Plus 2-vessel144 (14.%)46 (9.1%)151 (15.6%)67 (9.3%)
  Plus 3-vessel123 (12.1%)120 (23.8%)112 (11.6%)143 (19.8%)
EuroSCORE3.3 ± 2.33.6 ± 2.73.3 ± 2.43.4 ± 2.40.012
SYNTAX score
 Mean26.6 ± 10.429.8 ± 10.724.5 ± 9.828.9 ± 10.5<0.001
 Tertiles<0.001
  High (≥33)265 (26.7%)178 (36.0%)181 (18.9%)232 (32.3%)
  Intermediate (23–32)348 (35.1%)193 (39.1%)336 (35.0%)270 (37.6%)
  Low (≤22)379 (38.2%)123 (24.9%)443 (46.1%)217 (30.2%)

Values are mean ± SD or n (%).

CABG = coronary artery bypass surgery; CKD = chronic kidney disease; CR = complete revascularization; eGFR = estimated glomerular filtration rate; EuroSCORE = European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation; IR = incomplete revascularization; PCI = percutaneous coronary intervention; SYNTAX = Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery.