Table 3

Clinical Outcomes in Overall Cohort

Crude IncidenceAdjusted Hazard Ratio (95% Confidence Interval)
CABG CR (n = 1,015)CABG IR (n = 505)PCI CR (n = 968)PCI IR (n = 724)p ValueCABG CR (n = 1,015)CABG IR (n = 505)PCI CR (n = 968)PCI IR (n = 724)p Value
Death from any cause84 (8.3%)49 (9.7%)86 (8.9%)87 (12.0%)0.0571.00 (reference)1.03 (0.69–1.52)1.16 (0.83–1.63)1.43 (1.03–2.00)0.15
Cardiac death43 (4.2%)28 (5.5%)55 (5.7%)56 (7.7%)0.0211.00 (reference)1.10 (0.63–1.92)1.51 (0.94–2.42)1.91 (1.21–3.04)0.023
Myocardial infarction30 (3.0%)17 (3.4%)51 (5.3%)60 (8.3%)<0.0011.00 (reference)0.93 (0.49–1.79)1.97 (1.22–3.17)2.83 (1.79–4.49)<0.001
Death from any cause, myocardial infarction109 (10.7%)60 (11.9%)119 (12.3%)126 (17.4%)<0.0011.00 (reference)0.98 (0.69–1.39)1.24 (0.93–1.65)1.67 (1.26–2.21)0.001
Stroke24 (2.4%)15 (3.0%)19 (2.0%)18 (2.5%)0.681.00 (reference)1.10 (0.56–2.15)0.69 (0.36–1.31)0.94 (0.51–1.74)0.60
Death from any cause, myocardial infarction, or stroke128 (12.6%)69 (13.7%)135 (13.9%)136 (18.8%)0.0031.00 (reference)0.94 (0.68–1.29)1.14 (0.87–1.48)1.48 (1.14–1.92)0.006
Any repeat revascularization83 (8.2%)56 (11.1%)154 (15.9%)169 (23.3%)<0.0011.00 (reference)1.48 (1.04–2.11)1.76 (1.31–2.36)3.14 (2.37–4.16)<0.001
Death from any cause, myocardial infarction, stroke, or any repeat revascularization195 (19.2%)111 (22.0%)248 (25.6%)247 (34.1%)<0.0011.00 (reference)1.12 (0.87–1.44)1.28 (1.04–1.58)1.94 (1.58–2.37)<0.001

Values are n (%).

Abbreviations as in Table 1.

  • Adjustment variables included age, sex, body mass index, current smoking, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, clinical presentation, previous myocardial infarction, previous PCI, previous stroke, chronic lung disease, peripheral vascular disease, chronic kidney disease, left main disease, European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation score, and SYNTAX (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) score.