Table 2

Echocardiographic Findings in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Repair of Aortic Paravalvular Leak (N = 80)

Baseline PVL grade
 Mild to moderate3 (4)
 Moderate16 (20)
 Severe61 (76)
LV ejection fraction56 ± 11
LV ejection fraction <40%8 (10)
LV end-diastolic diameter (mm)56 ± 7
LV end-systolic diameter (mm)38 ± 9
Right ventricular systolic pressure (mm Hg)45 ± 15
Mitral regurgitation
 Mild or less45 (69)
 Moderate18 (23)
 Severe7 (9)
Tricuspid regurgitation
 Mild or less48 (60)
 Moderate17 (21)
 Severe15 (19)
Mid thoracic aorta36.4 ± 6.0
Transaortic valve gradient20.5 ± 10.6
Number of defects
 155 (69)
 219 (24)
 >26 (7)
Location
 Anterior43 (54)
 Posterior20 (25)
 Both17 (21)

Values are n (%) or mean ± SD.

LV = left ventricular; PVL = paravalvular leak.