Table 1

Patient Clinical and Angiographic Data (n = 25)

Patient age, yrs70.9 ± 8.7
Age ≥80 yrs10 (40.0)
Male19 (76.0%)
Cardiovascular risk factors
 Smokers9 (36.0)
 Hypertension19 (76.0)
 DM3 (12.0)
 Dyslipidemia20 (80.0)
Family history of CAD9 (36.0)
NIHSS13.9 (5–30)
History of CAD9 (36.0)
History of PAD5 (20.0)
Previous CABG1 (4.0)
Left internal carotid involvement13 (52.0)
Right internal carotid involvement12 (48.0)
Symptomatic status20 (80.0)
Presence of thrombus13 (52.0)
Asymptomatic5 (100)
Symptomatic8 (40.0)
Contralateral ≥50% stenosis3 (4.0)
Calcification16 (64.0)
Unfavorable aortic arch
 Type II12 (48.0)
 Type III1 (4.0)
Vessel tortuosity
 Distal to the lesion7 (28.0)
 Proximal to the lesion2 (8.0)
ECA stenosis6 (24.0)

Data reported as mean ± SD, n (%), or mean (range).

CABG = coronary artery bypass grafting; CAD = coronary artery disease; DM = diabetes mellitus; ECA = external carotid artery; NIHSS = National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale; PAD = peripheral artery disease.