Table 1

Baseline Patient Characteristics (n = 224)

Age, yrs61.3 ± 9.2
Men193 (86.2)
Current smoker85 (37.9)
Diabetes mellitus67 (29.9)
Hypertension172 (76.7)
Hyperlipidemia141 (62.9)
Creatinine >1.5 mg/dl31 (13.9)
Prior AMI51.8
Prior CABG17.6
History of CTO, months46.2 ± 56.3
Ejection fraction51.4
Target vessel
 LM3 (1.3)
 LAD54 (24.1)
 LCX9 (4.0)
 RCA156 (69.6)
 Bypass graft segment2 (0.9)
Total cholesterol, mg/dl194.1 ± 43
LDL cholesterol, mg/dl120.0 ± 38.0
HDL cholesterol, mg/dl46.4 ± 13.6
Triglyceride, mg/dl175.1 ± 147.9
Fasting glucose, mg/dl119.2 ± 40.8

Data presented as mean ± SD, n (%), or %.

AMI = acute myocardial infarction; CABG = coronary artery bypass graft; CTO = chronic total occlusion; HDL = high-density lipoprotein; LAD = left anterior descending artery; LCX = left circumflex artery; LDL = low-density lipoprotein; LM = left main coronary artery; RCA = right coronary artery.