Table 1

Baseline Patient Characteristics (N = 200)

Age, yrs80.2 ± 6.7
STS predictive risk of mortality score, %7.2 ± 6.8
Logistic EuroSCORE II, %9.0 ± 8.9
New York Heart Association class III or IV148/199 (74.4)
Diabetes mellitus62/200 (31.0)
Coronary artery disease120/199 (60.3)
Previous myocardial infarction30/199 (15.1)
Previous coronary artery bypass graft31/199 (15.6)
Cerebrovascular disease30/198 (15.2)
Aortic aneurysm4/199 (2.0)
Peripheral vascular disease55/199 (27.6)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease42/199 (21.1)
Renal failure3/200 (1.5)
Atrial fibrillation21/200 (10.5)
Hypertension154/199 (77.3)
Previous porcelain aorta4/191 (2.1)
Hyperlipidemia92/194 (47.4)

Values are mean ± SD or n/N (%).

EuroSCORE = European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation; STS = Society of Thoracic Surgeons.