Table 2

CTO PCI Procedural and In-Hospital Outcomes

Nonretrograde Operator (n = 241 Cases)Retrograde Operator (n = 395 Cases)p Value
Procedural success (%)58.975.2<0.0001
Procedure time (min)141.1107.3<0.0001
Fluoroscopy time (min)45.042.0NS
Contrast total (cc)433.5342.2<0.0001
Death (%)00NS
Myocardial infarction (%)3.322.53NS
Significant perforation (%)0.831.01NS
MACE (%)4.153.04NS

CTO = chronic total occlusion; MACE = major adverse cardiac events (death or myocardial infarction or major perforation, reported as mean values); PCI = percutaneous coronary intervention.