Table 1

Baseline Characteristics

Nonretrograde Operator (n = 241 Cases)Retrograde Operator (n = 395 Cases)p Value
Age (yrs)62.965.1NS
Men (%)77.282.3NS
Hypertension (%)70.467.8NS
Hyperlipidemia (%)79.871.3NS
Diabetes (%)27.030.0NS
CHF (%)12.015.0NS
Prior MI (%)32.023.20.01
Chronic renal failure (%)8.38.3NS
Prior PCI (%)38.218.70.0001
Prior CABG (%)12.935.50.0001
Vessel (%)
 LM1.21.1
 LAD32.022.5
 LCx30.727.3
 RCA35.749.10.009

CABG = coronary artery bypass grafting; CHF = congestive heart failure; LAD = left anterior descending coronary artery; LCx = left circumflex artery; LM = left main artery; MI = myocardial infarction; PCI = percutaneous coronary intervention; RCA = right coronary artery.