Table 1

Baseline Patient Demographic Data and Lesion Characteristics

CharacteristicsPCI (n = 192)CABG
With Follow-Up (n = 644)All (n = 1,072)
Age, yrs71.2 ± 10.4 (192)65.7 ± 9.4 (644)65.9 ± 9.4 (1,072)
Male70.3% (135/192)80.7% (520/644)81.1% (869/1,072)
Comorbid risk factors
 Body mass index (kg/m2)28.0 ± 5.5 (191)28.0 ± 4.6 (643)28.0 ± 4.6 (1,069)
 Medically treated diabetes
  Any35.4% (68/192)29.7% (191/644)30.3% (325/1,072)
  Requiring insulin15.1% (29/192)9.2% (59/644)9.2% (99/1,072)
 Triglycerides ≥150 mg/dl (1.7 mmol/l)33.6% (37/110)39.6% (114/288)40.4% (182/451)
 Blood pressure ≥130/85 mm Hg69.8% (134/192)68.5% (441/644)68.9% (735/1,067)
 Fasting glucose ≥110 mg/dl47.2% (67/142)49.8% (210/422)49.7% (338/680)
 Increased waist circumference40.8% (58/142)46.4% (245/528)48.1% (414/861)
 Hyperlipidemia67.5% (129/191)76.4% (480/628)77.1% (809/1,049)
Cardiovascular history
 Current smoker11.2% (21/188)21.9% (140/639)19.7% (209/1,062)
 Previous myocardial infarction40.4% (76/188)33.5% (211/629)32.5% (341/1,049)
 Previous stroke7.8% (15/192)5.5% (35/639)4.5% (48/1,065)
 Previous transient ischemic attack7.9% (15/191)5.6% (36/638)6.0% (64/1,062)
 Previous cardiac surgery1.6% (3/192)0.0% (0/644)0.0% (0/1,072)
 Congestive heart failure9.7% (18/186)5.5% (35/633)5.1% (54/1,057)
 Peripheral vascular disease16.1% (31/192)13.8% (89/644)12.5% (134/1,072)
 Carotid artery disease10.4% (20/192)12.3% (79/644)10.2% (109/1,072)
 Creatinine >200 μmol/l5.7% (11/192)2.0% (13/644)2.1% (23/1,072)
 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease19.3% (37/192)7.9% (51/644)7.3% (78/1,072)
 Angina
  Stable46.4% (89/192)62.9% (405/644)63.3% (678/1,071)
  Unstable38.0% (73/192)21.6% (139/644)22.5% (241/1,071)
 Ejection fraction <30%5.7% (11/192)4.5% (29/644)3.9% (42/1,072)
 Logistic EuroSCORE7.7 ± 9.0 (192)4.0 ± 4.4 (644)4.0 ± 4.8 (1,072)
 Additive EuroSCORE5.8 ± 3.1 (192)3.9 ± 2.7 (644)3.9 ± 2.7 (1,072)
 Parsonnet score14.4 ± 9.5 (192)9.0 ± 7.1 (644)9.1 ± 7.2 (1,072)
Lesion complexity
 SYNTAX score31.6 ± 12.3 (189)37.8 ± 13.3 (632)na
 Diffuse disease or small vessels18.5% (35/189)13.6% (86/631)na
 Total occlusion36.5% (69/189)56.4% (356/631)na
 Bifurcation74.6% (141/189)80.8% (510/631)na
Lesion characteristics
 Number of lesions4.5 ± 1.8 (189)4.6 ± 1.7 (632)na
 Left main, any33.3% (63/189)40.3% (254/631)na
  Left main only2.6% (5/189)1.6% (10/631)na
  Left main + 1 vessel5.8% (11/189)2.7% (17/631)na
  Left main + 2 vessel11.6% (22/189)8.4% (53/631)na
  Left main + 3 vessel13.2% (25/189)27.6% (174/631)na
 3-vessel disease only66.7% (126/189)59.7% (377/631)na

Values are mean ± SD (N) or % (n/N).

CABG = coronary artery bypass grafting; na = not available; PCI = percutaneous coronary intervention; SYNTAX = Synergy between PCI with TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery.