Table 1

Baseline Patient Demographics and Clinical Characteristics (N = 105)

Age, yrs68 ± 9.0
Male81.0 (85)
Hypertension85.7 (90)
Hyperlipidemia74.3 (78)
Diabetes mellitus48.6 (51)
 Insulin-dependent diabetes21.9 (23)
Renal insufficiency1.9 (2)
Smoking, active and previous62.8 (66)
Coronary artery disease42.9 (45)
Carotid artery disease14.3 (15)
ABI0.56 ± 0.15
Rutherford class, %
 10.9
 226.7
 364.8
 47.6

Values are mean ± SD or % (n).

ABI = ankle-brachial index.

  • Renal insufficiency defined as glomerular filtration rate <30 ml/min as calculated by Cockcroft formula.