Author + information
- S1936879815021834-c62bd28bb481d859eaeb5731cb6d79e1Deepak Talreja1,
- S1936879815021834-fff9aa7924b1a6727119c2e72f336927Alex Talreja2,
- S1936879815021834-fc3972251e97c98315e4ef61915eafedSophie Talreja2,
- S1936879815021834-e0932be39eb0b14487450848e4018694Hyeon Choi3 and
- S1936879815021834-a951d3319716512592d87df4fc83c2c1Roshan Talreja4
This study examines the impact of plant-based, Mediterranean, Paleolithic, and DASH diets on CVD risk factors.
Nondiabetic adults (ages 35-85)with one or more risk factors for CVD selected 1 of the 4 diet plans and then underwent a comprehensive nutrition education program prior to a 60 day diet intervention in which they kept a daily food log and met weekly with a multi-disciplinary study teams. Weight, blood pressure, fasting glucose, hemoglobin A1C, C-reactive protein, lipids, and lipoprotein particles were measured during an initial health screen, at 60 days, and 6 months post intervention.
279 subjects completed the 60-day dietary intervention (58 Vegan, 80 Mediterranean, 76 Paleo, 65 DASH), and 193 returned for 6-month follow-up, After 60 days on their respective diets, subjects lost an average of 9 lbs (4.7%, total 2,576 lbs) with improvements in BP across all groups. Subjects on the Vegan and Paleo diets lost the most weight (∼6.5%) and showed the greatest improvement in lipid risk factors (11-14% decrease in LDL-P; 10-20% decrease in VLDL and TG).
All four diets promoted weight loss and improved BP but had variable effects on lipid risk factors. Effects were greatest and sustained in those subjects that attended regular diet support group meetings.