Author + information
- Received February 18, 2015
- Revision received March 10, 2015
- Accepted March 22, 2015
- Published online August 24, 2015.
- Adam Witkowski, MD∗∗ (, )
- Krzysztof Kuśmierski, MD†,
- Zbigniew Chmielak, MD∗,
- Maciej Dąbrowski, MD∗,
- Jan Jastrzębski, MD∗,
- Ilona Michałowska, MD‡,
- Tomasz Hryniewiecki, MD§ and
- Piotr Szymański, MD§
- ∗Interventional Cardiology and Angiology Department, Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland
- †Cardiosurgery and Transplantology Department, Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland
- ‡Radiology Department, Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland
- §Acquired Cardiac Defects Department, Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland
- ↵∗Reprint requests and correspondence:
Dr. Adam Witkowski, Interventional Cardiology and Angiology Department, Institute of Cardiology, 42 Alpejska Street, 04-628 Warsaw, Poland.
- multi-slice computed tomography
- transcatheter aortic valve replacement
- transcatheter mitral valve replacement
- transesophageal echocardiography
A 39-year old man after chest radiotherapy was referred for heart failure. Transesophageal echocardiography revealed stenosed and severely calcified native aortic and mitral valves (mean gradients 46 and 14 mm Hg, respectively). Considering the high surgical risk and based on previous experience (1,2), the heart team decided to attempt simultaneous transapical aortic and mitral valve replacements.
In transesophageal echocardiography, aortic annulus diameter was 21 mm and mitral was 24 × 19 mm (Figures 1A and 2A⇓⇓). In multislice computed tomography, aortic annulus perimeter was 6.75 cm and mitral was 8.0 cm (Figures 1B and 2B).
A 23-mm Sapien XT (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, California) bioprosthesis was directly deployed within the aortic annulus, with mild paravalvular leak (Figures 1C and 1D, Online Videos 1 and 2). A 29-mm inverted Sapien XT valve was directly implanted within the mitral annulus (Figures 2C and 2D, Online Videos 3 and 4). Mean gradients were 18 mm Hg (aortic) and 6 mm Hg (mitral). In transesophageal echocardiography, aortic valve area increased from 0.76 cm2 to 1.1 cm2 and mitral valve area from 1.28 cm2 to 2.8 cm2. After 30 days, the patient improved from New York Heart Association functional class III to II.
Simultaneous transapical aortic and mitral valve replacements in native aortic and mitral annuli is feasible in patients with suitable anatomy and who are at high surgical risk.
Dr. Witkowski is a proctor for Medtronic; and has received speaker’s fees from Edwards Lifesciences. All other authors have reported that they have no relationships relevant to the contents of this paper to disclose.
- Received February 18, 2015.
- Revision received March 10, 2015.
- Accepted March 22, 2015.
- 2015 American College of Cardiology Foundation
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