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Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in Brazil and worldwide, affecting people of working age total, resulting in the loss of potential years of life, and producing a high burden on the public health system, especially in terms of spending. The presence of risk factors in childhood and adolescence has been configured with a strong predictor of cardiovascular disease in adulthood.
This study aims to investigate the entire group of female adolescents from vocation public high school, in order to propose strategies for the prevention of cardiovascular disease.
Observational and cross-sectional study of cardiovascular and stroke risk factors prevalence in all of female adolescents population through an one-minute and anonymous questionnaire with 30 closed questions on self-knowledge of risk factors and cardiovascular health. The survey was performed with questions of fast answers, like yes or no, about age, stress level, tobacco smoke, hypertension, dyslipidemia, physical inactivity, obesity, diabetes and family history of CHD. A positive answer or the lack of knowledge are equivalent to a point.
The study population consisted of over a thousand young women, 82% adolescents aged between 15 and 17 years, 20% have a family history of cardiovascular disease, dyslipidemia 4.4%, 98% never dosed blood sugar, obesity 6%, 72% sedentary, hypertensive 3.5%, 9% were smokers, 53% regularly attend a gynecologist and 98% never attended a consultation with a cardiologist.
The results point to a high cardiovascular risk, where it is necessary and urgent to establish prevention programs that address the prospect of allied health education the responsibility of the individual to achieve ideal cardiovascular health, which reduces the impact of the economic health of the coffers government.