Author + information
- Ivana Borges1,
- Vanessa Marcolla2,
- Simone Simoes2,
- Marcia Fidelis2,
- Paula Ferreira2,
- Tatiana Spritzer2 and
- Antonio Carlos Souza2
Coronary heart disease (CHD) may be clinically different between women and men, under diagnosed or treated. Worldwide, heart disease and stroke are the leading cause of death in female gender with 8.6 million deaths per year.
To identify the CHD and stroke risk factors prevalence in a female population in order to prevent disease and modify risk factors as possible.
Observational and cross-sectional study of CHD and stroke risk factors prevalence in a female employee population through an one-minute quiz based on self-knowledge of risk factors and cardiovascular health as age, tobacco smoke, hypertension, dyslipidemia, physical inactivity, obesity, diabetes and family history of CHD. Those women who have had ≥2 positive answers or the lack of knowledge of any item were encouraged to complete the risk assessment in a healthcare unit as they were considered to be in a high risk group.
The survey was answered by 210 women between 09/27/2012 and 05/16/2013. Age ranged from 25 and 74 years old. Tobacco 16% of the total group; hypertension in 13% (lack of knowledge in 3%); 95% have already measured cholesterolemia (22% with >200 mg/dl, 25% and 62% unaware of total and HDL cholesterol, respectively); 88% have already measured glycemia (82% denied being diabetic and 14% unaware of their condition); 26% of family history of CHD and stroke; 51% unaware of body mass index (BMI), and it was calculated: 60% BMI ≤25, 17% >25 and ≤30, 8% >30, 9% lack; 36% physical inactivity. 74% of the interviewed women obtained ≥2 positive answer or the lack of any item. It was observed that 98% used to visit the gynecologist and 33% did it to a cardiologist.
Three quarters of the interviewed women demonstrated high risk factors prevalence by achieving ≥2 positive answers or ignoring the answer about their conditions.