Author + information
- Received January 10, 2013
- Accepted February 2, 2013
- Published online July 1, 2013.
- Pierre Aubry, MD∗∗ (, )
- Amir-Ali Fassa, MD∗,
- Ali Alshamsi, MD∗,
- Xavier Halna du Fretay, MD∗,
- Patrick Dupouy, MD† and
- Jean-Michel Juliard, MD∗
- ∗Department of Cardiology, Bichat Hospital, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France
- †Department of Interventional Cardiology and Cardiovascular Imaging, Hôpital Privé d'Antony, Antony, France
- ↵∗Reprint requests and correspondence:
Dr. Pierre Aubry, Département de Cardiologie, Groupe Hospitalier Bichat-Claude Bernard, 46 rue Huchard, 75018 Paris, France.
A 47-year-old man underwent a medical checkup. He was a professional firefighter, without any notable medical history, who regularly performed high-grade aerobic exercise. He denied any specific symptom at rest or during efforts. His physical examination was unremarkable. An electrocardiogram showed nonspecific repolarization abnormalities in the lateral leads. Single-photon emission computed tomography revealed a small reversible defect in the inferolateral wall during stress. The work-up was completed with a cardiac computed tomography, which showed a moderate stenosis of the distal left anterior descending artery and an anomalous connection of the right coronary artery from the left coronary sinus (Fig. 1A) with a narrowing of the initial segment through an aortic intramural course (Fig. 1B). The patient was referred for a coronary angiogram, which confirmed the anomalous connection of the right coronary artery and a typical nonatherosclerotic narrowing in right anterior oblique projection due to intramural course (Fig. 1C). Intravascular ultrasound and optical coherence tomography demonstrated the oblong shape of the initial intramural lumen of the right coronary artery (Figs. 1D and 1E) with a 50% reduction in lumen surface in comparison with the proximal extramural lumen. Fractional flow reserve was 0.81 after intravenous administration of adenosine. Because of the evidence of an aortic intramural course associated with inducible ischemia, and the potential risk for sudden cardiac death, it was decided to perform coronary bypass surgery of the right coronary artery with the right internal mammary artery (1). The operation was uncomplicated, and the recovery was uneventful. This report illustrates the capability of multimodality imaging in providing essential anatomic informations on coronary arteries with anomalous origin and, more specifically, to demonstrate the presence of an aortic intramural course, a well-known at-risk anatomy, which is often confused in the literature with a compression between the aorta and pulmonary artery.
The authors have reported that they have no relationships relevant to the contents of this paper to disclose.
- Received January 10, 2013.
- Accepted February 2, 2013.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation
- Warnes C.,
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