Author + information
- Received August 11, 2011
- Accepted August 18, 2011
- Published online January 1, 2012.
- Giancarlo Marenzi, MD⁎ (, )
- Cristina Ferrari, MD,
- Ivana Marana, MD,
- Emilio Assanelli, MD,
- Monica De Metrio, MD,
- Giovanni Teruzzi, MD,
- Fabrizio Veglia, PhD,
- Franco Fabbiocchi, MD,
- Piero Montorsi, MD and
- Antonio L. Bartorelli, MD
- ↵⁎Reprint requests and correspondence:
Dr. Giancarlo Marenzi, Centro Cardiologico Monzino, Via Parea 4, 20138 Milan, Italy
Objectives This study investigated the effect of furosemide-forced diuresis and intravenous saline infusion matched with urine output, using a novel dedicated device designed for contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) prevention.
Background CIN is a frequent cause of acute kidney injury associated with increased morbidity and mortality.
Methods A total of 170 consecutive patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing coronary procedures were randomized to either furosemide with matched hydration (FMH group, n = 87) or to standard intravenous isotonic saline hydration (control group; n = 83). The FMH group received an initial 250-ml intravenous bolus of normal saline over 30 min followed by an intravenous bolus (0.5 mg/kg) of furosemide. Hydration infusion rate was automatically adjusted to precisely replace the patient's urine output. When a urine output rate >300 ml/h was obtained, patients underwent the coronary procedure. Matched fluid replacement was maintained during the procedure and for 4 h post-treatment. The definition of CIN was a ≥25% or ≥0.5 mg/dl rise in serum creatinine over baseline.
Results In the FMH group, no device- or therapy-related complications were observed. Four (4.6%) patients in the FMH group developed CIN versus 15 (18%) controls (p = 0.005). A lower incidence of cumulative in-hospital clinical complications was also observed in FMH-treated patients than in controls (8% vs. 18%; p = 0.052).
Conclusions In patients with CKD undergoing coronary procedures, furosemide-induced high urine output with matched hydration significantly reduces the risk of CIN and may be associated with improved in-hospital outcome.
(Induced Diuresis With Matched Hydration Compared to Standard Hydration for Contrast Induced Nephropathy Prevention [MYTHOS]; NCT00702728)
The Centro Cardiologico Monzino, Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Milan, Milan, Italy, funded the study. The RenalGuard System device and all accessory kits necessary for the study were kindly supplied by PLC Medical Systems Inc. The funding sources had no role in study design, data collection, analysis, interpretation, or reporting. The authors have reported that they have no relationships relevant to the contents of this paper to disclose.
- Received August 11, 2011.
- Accepted August 18, 2011.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation