Author + information
- Received July 28, 2010
- Revision received September 28, 2010
- Accepted October 1, 2010
- Published online March 1, 2011.
- Kenneth A. Fetterly, PhD⁎,⁎ (, )
- Ryan J. Lennon, MSc†,
- Malcolm R. Bell, MBBS⁎,
- David R. Holmes Jr, MD⁎ and
- Charanjit S. Rihal, MD⁎
- ↵⁎Reprint requests and correspondence:
Dr. Kenneth A. Fetterly, Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st Street South West, Rochester, Minnesota 55905
Objectives The objectives of this work were to establish the primary clinical determinants of patient radiation dose associated with percutaneous coronary interventional (PCI) and to identify opportunities for dose reduction.
Background Use of X-ray imaging and associated radiation dose is a necessary part of PCI. Potential adverse consequences of radiation dose include skin radiation injury and predicted increase in lifetime cancer risk.
Methods Cumulative skin dose (CSD) (measured in gray [Gy] units) was selected as a measurement of patient radiation burden. Several patient-, disease-, and treatment-related variables, including 15 performing physicians, were analyzed in a multiple linear regression statistical model with cumulative skin dose CSD as the primary end point. The model results provide an estimate of the relative CSD increase (decrease) attributable to each variable.
Results Percutaneous coronary interventions performed on 1,287 male and 540 female patients were included. Median patient age was 68.6 years, median body mass index was 29.7 kg/m2, and median weight was 88 kg. Median CSD was 1.64 Gy per procedure for male and 1.15 Gy for female patients. Increasing body mass index, patient sex, lesion complexity, lesion location, and performing physician were significantly associated with CSD. Physicians who performed more procedures were associated with lower CSD.
Conclusions Several primary determinants of patient radiation dose during PCI were identified. Along with physician development of radiation-sparing methods and skills, pre-procedure dose planning is proposed to help minimize radiation dose for PCI.
All authors have reported that they have no relationships to disclose.
- Received July 28, 2010.
- Revision received September 28, 2010.
- Accepted October 1, 2010.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation