Outcomes of Valve Repair at Time of Surgical VSD Closure
Outcomes of valve repair at the time of surgical ventricular septal defect (VSD) closure. (A) Aortic valve regurgitation (AR) before and after aortic valve or sinus of Valsalva repair in 12 patients (7 Society of Thoracic Surgeons [STS] type 1 VSDs and 5 STS type 2 VSDs). (B) Tricuspid valve regurgitation (TR) before and after tricuspid valve repair in 11 patients, all with a STS type 2 VSDs. Preop = pre-operative; postop = post-operative.