Author + information
- Received June 22, 2009
- Revision received October 27, 2009
- Accepted October 29, 2009
- Published online February 1, 2010.
- Masahiko Hara, MD⁎ (, )
- Masami Nishino, MD,
- Masayuki Taniike, MD,
- Nobuhiko Makino, MD,
- Hiroyasu Kato, MD,
- Yasuyuki Egami, MD,
- Ryu Shutta, MD,
- Hitoshi Yamaguchi, MD,
- Jun Tanouchi, MD and
- Yoshio Yamada, MD
- ↵⁎Reprint requests and correspondence:
Dr. Masahiko Hara, Division of Cardiology, Osaka Rosai Hospital, 1179-3 Nagasone-cho, Kita-ku, Sakai, Osaka 591-8025, Japan
Objectives The purpose of this study is to compare the neointimal formational pattern and incidence of thrombus formation among sirolimus-eluting (SES), paclitaxel-eluting (PES), and bare-metal stents (BMS) with coronary angioscopy.
Background Neointimal formation and incidence of mural thrombus are different with the type of stent.
Methods One hundred successive patients who received 43 SES, 40 PES, or 32 BMS implantation underwent 6-month follow-up coronary angioscopy. We evaluated angioscopic parameters, including minimum and maximum neointimal grade; presence and number of red mural thrombus; neointimal grade around thrombus; and heterogeneity score, which is defined by subtracting minimum from maximum grade within 1 stent by classifying angioscopic neointimal coverage grades into 4 categories. We compared these parameters among 3 kinds of stent groups.
Results Heterogeneity scores of SES, PES, and BMS were 0.79 ± 0.60, 1.27 ± 0.75, and 1.03 ± 0.82, respectively (p = 0.011). The PES showed the highest incidence of angioscopic red mural thrombus (50% in PES, 12% in SES, and 3% in BMS, p < 0.001), and the number of thrombus observed within 1 stent in the PES group tended to be larger than those in the SES and BMS groups.
Conclusions At 6 months after stent implantation, PES showed the most heterogeneous neointimal formation and the highest incidence of thrombus formation compared with SES and BMS.
- Received June 22, 2009.
- Revision received October 27, 2009.
- Accepted October 29, 2009.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation