Author + information
- Ivana Picone Borges Aragao1,
- Vanessa Freitas Marcolla2,
- Livia Liberata Barbosa Bandeira1,
- Ivan Lucas Picone Borges Anjos1,
- Caio Teixeira Santos1,
- Thais Lemos de Souza Macedo1,
- Dandhara Martins Rebello1,
- Carolina de Paula Orioli da Silva1,
- Alexandre Augustus Brito Aragao2,
- Tatiana Spritzer2,
- Simone Aparecida Simoes3 and
- Eucir Rabello1
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) may be clinically different in women compared to men being underdiagnosed and treated. Worldwide, CVD and stroke are the leading causes of death in females, reporting 8.6 million deaths per year in the literature. The objective of this study was to identify the self-knowledge (SK) and prevalence (P) of risk factors (RF) for CVD and stroke in female populations of different age groups and work activities: students of basic cycle medical students (group MS), Police Pacifying Units Police (PPU) (group PPU), and government employees (group GE).
Cross-sectional, observational study of P of RF for CVD and stroke in female populations of different ages and labor activities between: group GE-27/09/13 and 10/24/2013; group PPU-10/05/2013 and 10/10/2013; groups MS-06/2016 and 12/2016; through the filling of a similar and anonymous questionnaire with 30 objective questions of quick answers about SK of RF: age, stress level, smoking, hypertension (H), dyslipidemia, sedentary lifestyle, obesity, diabetes, weight, height, pregnancy, menopause, gynecological/year (G/Y) and cardiological/year (C/Y) consultations. A positive response or ignorance equaled 1 point. Considered a risk group: women with ≥2 points for positive or unknown response.
A total of 961 women interviewed were divided into groups MS (total 159), PPU (602) and GE (200), respectively: mean age 20.62, 28.1 and 44.3; high stress 44%, 31%, without report; smoking 3.8%, 7.0%, 16%; H 2.5% (1.3% unaware), 7% (3%), 13% (3%); 76.7% had they cholesterol levels measured (10.0% total cholesterol> 200 mg / dL and 33.3% did not know, 62.9% did not know HDL <40 mg / dL), 76.0% (7% and 59%, 87%), 95% (22% E 25%, 62%); 89.9% had measured blood glucose, 76%, 88%; S 45.3%, 53%, 36%; BMI calculated 88.7% (weight and height reported) 12.57% ≥25 and 0.0% ≥30, BMI 51% being 23% ≥25 and 0.0% ≥30 and 49% being 17% ≥25 and 8% ≥30; they did consultations G/Y: 79.9%, 90.0% 98% and C/Y: 7.54% 12% and 33%; score ≥2: 98.75%, 97.0%, 74.0%.
Most women, in different age groups and work activities, were at risk of developing CVD and stroke due to the high prevalence of RF or their lack of knowledge, after applying a similar questionnaire. It was highlighted the importance of primary prevention and awareness programs.